The scientific name for a puffin is Fratercula. There are four different species of Puffin that are found inhabiting the colder conditions of the northern Atlantic which are the Atlantic Puffin, the Tufted Puffin, the Horned Puffin and the Rhinoceros Auklet that despite its name and differing appearance remains one of the four Puffin species in existence today. Tufted puffin (Fratercula cirrhata) Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica – not represented at Georgia Aquarium) Genus name, Fratercula, means “little brother” in Latin, a reference the black and white coloration of these birds, which resembles the robes of a monk. ABC has developed a free, interactive mapping and information tool to help fishers and fisheries managers assess their risk of seabird bycatch and take appropriate measures to minimize or eliminate bycatch in their operations. This is a large and highly varied group of birds that do not have many outward similarities. The Atlantic puffin is only one of three kinds of puffins. Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. Habitat Oceans. Tufted Puffins, also known as Crested Puffins, are named for the yellow tufts that males and females both develop on the side of the head during breeding season. ; there are 3 extant species of puffins, common, horned, and tufted Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata. Tufted Puffin Common Name: Tufted Puffin Scientific Name: Fratercula cirrhata Description. These burrows can be more than 1.5 meters (5 feet) deep. Tufted puffins look like gussied-up versions of the more widely known Atlantic puffins. Sadly, bycatch in fishing nets kills thousands of Tufted Puffins and other seabirds, such as Marbled Murrelet, Pigeon Guillemot, and Common Murre, each year. There are three species of living puffins: common, horned and tufted. Distribution: Tufted puffins are widespread in the North Pacific Ocean and nest on coastlines and offshore islands from southern California to Alaska and across the ocean from Japan to the shores of northeastern Asia. They nest in burrows on cliff edges or among rocks and boulders on Pacific cliffs. As with other members of the family Alcidae (web-footed diving birds), the Tufted Puffin's wings are relatively short and adapted for swimming underwater. Scientific Classification Common Name puffins Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Charadriiformes Family Alcidae Genus Species Fratercula spp. The tufted puffin remains one of the most frequently caught birds, and concern over impacts on the species has been raised in both Russia and Japan. Tufted Puffin Common Name: Tufted Puffin Scientific Name: Fratercula cirrhata Description. Climate change poses an ongoing and future threat to the species due to high sensitivity to changes in sea surface temperature (SST). This distinctive member of the auk family is larger than other puffin species, but the species is best differentiated by its bold white mask and golden head plumes in the breeding season. Nesting Burrow. Humans hunted the largest member of this family, the great auk, into extinction by 1834. The tufted puffin (Fratercula cirrhata), also known as crested puffin, is a relatively abundant medium-sized pelagic seabird in the auk family (Alcidae) found throughout the North Pacific Ocean.It is one of three species of puffin that make up the genus Fratercula and … Another adaptation, heavy bones, allows the Tufted Puffin to dive up to 200 feet in pursuit of prey, mostly fish and squid; the birds can stay underwater for more than a minute. The scientific name Fratercula comes from the Medieval Latin fratercula, friar, a reference to the black and white plumage which resembles monastic robes. TREND: Decreasing in south; may be increasing in north. The reference to a priest echoes the bird's Icelandic nickname, prófastur (=dean). Sign up for ABC's eNews to learn how you can help protect birds. Best known for their brightly c… The Puffin is a small species of seabird that is closely related to other auks such as guillemots. The Tufted Puffin is an iconic species of the Oregon coast, its likeness gracing untold numbers of T-shirts, coffee mugs, refrigerator magnets and other souvenirs throughout the region. Horned and tufted puffins live in the North Pacific region. Donate to support ABC's conservation mission! Changes in the distribution and abundance of forage fish due to overfishing and climate change are apparently causing declines in southern populations of Tufted Puffin, while increasing northern populations as birds shift their range northward. The Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata) also known as Crested Puffin, is a relatively abundant medium-sized pelagic seabird in the auk (Alcidae) family found throughout the North Pacific Ocean. Blue jay. In addition, plastic trash in the ocean is often mistaken for food by hungry puffins and other seabirds, which risk starvation when they fill up on undigestible plastic instead of fish. Tufted puffins’ colorful plumage and wry antics have long attracted onlookers at Cannon Beach on the Oregon Coast. BIRD OF THE WEEK: SCIENTIFIC NAME: Fratercula cirrhata. Most are water birds that feed on invertebrates or small aquatic creatures. Fratercula cirrhata. The order is well represented in Washington, with seven families: Family: Alcidae. Puffins possess adaptations that allow them to thrive in the harsh, cold ocean waters of the Northern hemisphere. Tufted Puffins, also known as Crested Puffins, are named for the yellow tufts that males and females both develop on the side of the head during breeding season. Discover How Long Atlantic puffin Lives. While nesting, the puffin is very social — flocks of 10 to 25 birds may leave the colony to gather food for their mates and chicks. Distribution: Tufted puffins are widespread in the North Pacific Ocean and nest on coastlines and offshore islands from southern California to Alaska and across the ocean from Japan to the shores of northeastern Asia. The Tufted Puffin nests mostly in deep burrows that it digs into cliff edges and slopes. ... Scientific Name: Fratercula arctica. The scientific name of this species records a name shift: Manx shearwaters were called Manks puffins in the 17th century.
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