The roots are cleaned, soaked, ground and consumed to eliminate any worms in the intestines. A glaucous (blue-green) erect single to several stemmed annual with yellow sap, reproducing only by seed and with a central taproot. Argemone mexicana. ochroleuca Argemone subfusiformis G.B. Materia Medica Anthelmintic, Ophthalmic: Use Juice Purgative, Sedative: Use seeds Malarial Fever, Dropsy, Jaundice, Gonorrhea, Leprosy, Scabies: Use Juice. Sneha Anarthe and Sanjay Chaudhari ABSTRACT In the present study methanolic and ethyl acetate extracts of Argemone mexicana whole plant (Papaveraceae) were tested orally in swiss albino mice at doses of 100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg b.w. Argemone mexicana (Mexican Prickly Poppy) is an upright, prickly, annual or biennial boasting bright yellow, poppy-like flowers, 2.5 in. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: … Flowers are at the tips of the branches (are terminal) and solitary, yellow and of 2.5-5 cm … Argemone ochroleuca Sweet subsp. Argemone Mexicana is an annual flower measuring up to three feet. Argemone mexicana seeds contain 22–36% of a pale yellow non-edible oil, called argemone oil or katkar oil, which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine. 5HUSSAIN SF, NAKKADY S, KHAN L, SHAMMA M, 1983 Oxyhydrastinine, an isoquinolone alkaloid from the Papaveraceae. Description: Erect, glaucous herb to 1 m, with spiny stems. The last major outbreak in India occurred in 1998. Argemone mexicana . Its stem is branched and usually extremely prickly. It is found in peninsular Florida. It grows from 60 to 120cm in height. The flowers are showy and have a dark red 3 to 6 lobed stigma (glandular region at the tip of the style). Helpful in identification. 6BOURGEOIS P, 1986 Rapport concernant Argemone mexicana (Papaveraceae). Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by ex Steud. lutea Kuntze Argemone mexicana var. Rapport tramil. Argemone mexicana. Description. De stekelpapaver (Argemone mexicana) is een plant uit de papaverfamilie (Papaveraceae). Retail; Nursery Name City State / … Varieties: none. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Drawing of the flowering plant, seedpod and seed, Descourtilz, M.E., Flore médicale des Antilles, vol. The Seri of Sonora, Mexico use the entire plant both fresh and dried. The stems grow 30 to 100cm high, with scattered stiff yellow prickles.  This use has been studied clinically for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. About Argemone mexicana Plant : Habit : Annual, prickly herb with yellow latex and branched tap root. Description of Values.  In India, Argemone oil is mixed with sunflower oil and sesame oil to increase the quantity, but this adulteration causes health disorders and renowned brands display "no argemone oil" to qualify purity.. Stems are bluish-green, pithy, smooth or slightly pubescent (covered with short hairs). 505460 Argemone mexicana (Engels: Mexican Prickly Poppy) vergroot afbeeldingen : Fantastische papaverachtige met 2,5-5 cm grote crèmewitte tot gele bloemen en zilvergrijsgroen blad met witte nerven en flinke stekels: het geheel is een pracht! The stem is oblongin cross-section. with help from The seeds look very similar to culinary poppy seeds that most are familiar with, but they are about twice the size. Katkar oil poisoning causes epidemic dropsy, with symptoms including extreme swelling, particularly of the legs. , When the Spanish arrived in Sonora they added this plant to their pharmacopia and called it cardosanto, which should not be mistranslated to blessed thistle (Cnicus benedictus). When the plant is dried and powdered and used as tea or when mixed with honey and consumed, it helps with cough, asthma and improves overall respiratory health. It is grown as an ornamental valued for its ornate spines that cover the stem and attractive white-veined, blue-green leaves. , CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "A "reverse pharmacology" approach for developing an anti-malarial phytomedicine", "Argemone mexicana decoction for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria", "Argemone mexicana decoction versus artesunate-amodiaquine for the management of malaria in Mali: Policy and public-health implications", "Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Therapy of Jaundice: Part I", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Argemone_mexicana&oldid=982587573, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:17. ochroleuca Britton Argemone mexicana var. Description. This argemone resin contains berberine and protopine. gebruik: Sierplant, medische plant van de Azteken Duizendkorrelgewicht: 1,2g The seed pods secrete a pale yellow latex when cut open. It grows in a tropical climate. This has many medicinal benefits. Argemone mucronata Dum.-Cours. Argemone ochroleuca Preferred Common Name; pale Mexican pricklypoppy Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; A. ochroleuca is an annual herb native to Central America. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Its stem is branched and usually extremely prickly. It has leafy stems that grow up to 60cm, with prickly lobed leaves. Mexican pricklypoppy. Leaves are thistle-like and alternate, without leaf stalks (petioles), toothed (serrate) and the margins are spiny. Ajna Fern Curr Sci40:548. A description of Argemone mexicana is provided in The Flora of North America.. Distribution.  Another study found that use of Argemone mexicana may be a suitable first-aid treatment in rural areas when access to other better antimalarials is delayed. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Traditionally, the flowers are soaked in water overnight and cleaning the eyes with this water helps improve eyesight. Argemone is from the Greek argena, meaning 'cataract of the eye', and was the name used in the first century AD by the classical authors Dioscorides (AD 40-90) and Pliny (AD 23-79) for some spiny poppies, the juice of which was supposedly a cure for cataract; mexicana combines Mexico with the Latin suffix ana, belonging to, suggesting the country of origin (Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992). Ownbey : Common names: Mexican poppy (English) Prickly poppy (English) Frequency: Status: Introduced: Description: Erect, glaucous herb to 1 m, with spiny stems. It is perennial. Ecology Habitat. Description. Recently, the largest epidemic of the disease in India affected Delhi and its neighboring states during the … Argemone mexicana seeds contain 22–36% of a pale yellow non-edible oil, called argemone oil or katkar oil, which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine. An extremely hardy pioneer plant, it is tolerant of drought and poor soil, often being the only cover on new road cuttings or verges. Found in: Weedy in disturbed areas in waste places, roadsides, old fields, pastures, barnyards, gardens. The whole plant can be … Germination is sporadic and seeds requires light. The dry powder is used to brush teeth to prevent any gum problems. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Argemone mexicana is an annual herb, growing up to 150 cm with a slightly branched tap root. The grey-white veins stand out against the bluish-green upper leaf surface. Leaves sessile, amplexicaul, pinnatifid with prickly teeth. Blooming for weeks in mid spring to early summer, the showy blooms sit atop smooth or slightly prickly stems. Send by email Printer-friendly version. across (6 cm), with numerous yellow or reddish stamens. Argemone mexicana is an annual herb with bright yellow sap. usage: the herb and flowers are smoked by natives to produce a mild sedating effect. It has bright yellow latex. The database and code is licensed under a Several significant instances of katkar poisoning have been reported in India, Fiji, South Africa and other countries. 4SANTRA D, SADJI A, 1971 Phytochemical study of Argemone mexicana. Description of Values. It has showy yellow flowers. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above.  In one study, 73% of patients treated had an adequate clinical response, but very few patients had complete parasite clearance. An infusion is made to relieve kidney pain, to help expel a torn placenta, and in general to help cleanse the body post-natally. They are useful in the treatment of coughs and catarrhal affections of the throat and pulmonary mucous membrane, and in pertussis and asthma. mexicana Argemone mexicana var. Botanical Description Argemone mexicanais an annual herb, growing up to 150 cm with a slightly branched tap root. Several groups were treated as below: *group I (Negative control): carrageenan (0,1 mL of 1% carrageenan/mouse to the sub plantar region) and saline water 5 mL/kg bw) Four quaternary isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine, have been isolated from the whole plant of Argemone mexicana.. , In Tamilnadu, India, this plant is named bramha thandu. , An Argemone mexicana tea is used by traditional healers in Mali to treat malaria. Value Class Food Argemone Mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the Argemone genus, the species of which are generally regarded as prickly poppies. It is poisonous to grazing animals, and it is rarely eaten, but it has been used medicinally by many peoples, including those in its native area, as well as the Natives of the western US, parts of Mexico and many parts of India. Epidemic dropsy, a disease due to Argemone mexicana poisoning, is characterized by pathological accumulation of diluted lymph in body tissues and cavities. They are best grown in the mid section of borders as they have a very spiky foliage. It is native to peninsular Florida. 1% adulteration of mustard oil by argemone oil has been shown to cause clinical disease. Argemone mexicana var. The whole plant is used to make a tea and as much tea as possible is drunk until symptoms disappear. 5: t. 380 (1827) [J.T. Scientific Name: Argemone L. (Papaveraceae) mexicana L. Related Plants 'Alba' 'Sanguinea' 'White Luster' 'Yellow Lustre' Nursery Availability 1 - 1 of 1. Description. In India, during the colorful festival Holika Dahan, adults and children worship by offering flowers, and this species is in its maximum flowering phase during March when the Holi festival is celebrated. web interface by As a result, mustard can be adulterated by argemone seeds, rendering it poisonous. Argemone mexicana : Source: Papaveraceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Argemone mexicana : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Richard Morris. Argemone Mexicana is a small plant. Lichtkiemer, dus zaden niet bedekken. The present work offers a review addressing the detailed chemistry and pharmacology of Argemone mexicana L. regarded as one of the most significant plant species in traditional system of medicine. It exudes a yellow juice when cut. Phytochemestry22(1):319-320. Though they do not appear to possess any antispasmodic property, they have a distinct effect on asthma, apparently from their combined actions as nauseant, emetic, expectorant and demulcent. The seeds resemble the seeds of Brassica nigra (mustard). The juice of these leaves helps in treating various skin conditions. Flower description the flower has a superior ovary, and lacks a hypanthium Flower petal color yellow Flower reproductive parts the flower has both pollen- and seed-producing parts Stem : Erect, branched, woody at the base, solid, cylindrical, spinous, contains yellow latex. Argemone mexicana is a plant that not only produces a large number of seeds (just like Papaver somniferum), but is easy to sprout as well. , Biodiesel production from A. mexicana seed oil using crystalline manganese carbonate has been demonstrated. Argemone mexicana, Mexican pricklypoppy, Seeds per gram: 830 Cultivation / direction of sowing: sow seed directly where it is to grow. Argemone Mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the Argemone genus, the species of which are generally regarded as prickly poppies. Argemone mexicana, Stekelpapaver, Zaden per gram: 830 Teelt / zaaidoeleinden: zaaien bij 20°C, kieming vanaf ongeveer 14 tot 30 dagen. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Species. In the traditional medicine of India, the yellow sap of A. mexicana and the whole plant are also used in jaundice therapy. 1 Search Results. Taxonomic notes. Ken Fern, ... Argemone mexicana EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Argemone mexicana ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Argemone mexicana Flora Zambesiaca web site: Argemone mexicana Four quaternary isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine, have been isolated from the whole plant of Argemone mexicana. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Description of Mexican poppy - Argemone Argemone species such as Mexican poppies have a continuous display of yellow, white or red poppy like flowers, which are very fragrant, from late summer to early autumn.. It is also referred to as "kateli ka phool” in India. parviflora Kuntze Argemone mucronata Dum.-Cours. It grows up to One M. Best used for Leprosy, Skin Diseases. Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, flowering thistle, cardo or cardosanto) is a species of poppy found in Mexico and now widely naturalized in many parts of the world. for CNS related activities. It exudes a yellow juice when cut. Neuropharmacological study of Argemone mexicana Linn. This is also used for treating scorpion and snake bites. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Argemone species are erect, prickly or glabrous, annual, biennial or perennial herbs with yellow lactiferous fluid. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Descourtilz], http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Argemone mexicana is an annual flower measuring up to three feet. Argemone mexicana L lyophilized extract was administered to the albino mice 30 minutes before carrageenan injection and the basement value was taken at 0 hour. Het is een rechtopstaande, weinig vertakte, 15-130 cm hoge plant. Helpful to NEET, BSc students of Indian Universities as well as foreign Universities. The seeds are taken as a laxative. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Synonym: none. Leaves sessile, amplexicaul, pinnatifid with prickly teeth.
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