The Guayabo National Monument is shrouded in mystery to this day but does reveal the existence of an ancient society of some sophistication. Costa Rica already existed. The native population was small compared to the vast Pre-Columbian civilizations found throughout Latin America. As with most native tribes, their numbers are dwindling as their traditions and lands are usurped by modern societies. Since that day, Costa Rica has been investing in education, natural heritage and developing strategies for supporting workers’ rights. Costa Rica’s indigenous history is not as prominent as it is in other Latin American cultures or even others just in Central America. The climate affects every aspect of this country from how it was shaped to what you going to do during the day. The sunrise occurs at around 5:30 a.m. and the sunset at 5:30 p.m. © Copyright 2004-2021 all rights reserved. It also feels surprisingly modern and lacks the poverty of other Central American capitals. In fact, the Chirripo Mountain is the highest peak in Costa Rica at 12,500 feet. The country was a backwater during the colonial period, however, and it was largely passed over by the Spanish in their search for gold. Resistance by the indigenous inhabitants and disease prevented the Spanish from establishing a permanent settlement until 1563, when Cartago was founded. Learn all about the people that made Costa Rica what it is today! At the time, about 400,000 people were living in … The few remaining members of these tribes are trying to hold on to their customs and old way of life, although this is getting harder to maintain, and live in small villages in remote regions of the country. Find out more here. Achieving Independence was one of the most important events in Costa Rica history. As the largest and most populous city in Costa Rica, San Jose is a popular destination for tourists and expats alike. The country’s lowest nadir is 790 feet below sea level in the caves of Barra Honda National Park. For this reason, the dark blue represents the sky, id… Costa Rica has over 120 volcanic cones and 7 active volcanoes. Here are 20 interesting and lesser known facts about Costa Rica…. Unlike many of its neighbors, however, the Ticos managed to do it without bloodshed or revolution. Named after Saint Joseph, it is in the heart of the country, and its inhabitants are understandably proud of their home. In 16th century, Spain controlled Costa Rica. The region grew slowly and was administered as a Spanish province. Although the Costa Rican economy is not as powerful as that of the USA or the European nations, it certainly punches above its weight and was lucky enough to recover quickly from the global financial crisis. European immigration and customs have helped to mold Costa Rican history and influence its character. Costa Ricans live the Pura Vida by enjoying life’s little pleasures. For example, the Diquís Delta stone spheres are one of Central America’s most quixotic and strange archaeological findings. Costa Rica's political stability, high standard of living, and well-developed social benefits system set it apart from its Central American neighbors. Its economy struggled due to lack of connections with European suppliers. Unlike many of its Central American neighbors, the government in Costa Rica is a stable democracy, with presidential elections that take place every four years. It is a very rich country in culture, history, food, and much more. Here is a list of the phone numbers and Locations of Costa Rica Consulates within the United States. The most prominent indigenous tribes are the Bribris, the Borucas, the Cabecares, the Huetares, the Malekus and the Chorotegas. While the dry season is a great time to travel so you don’t have to worry about the rain, the wet season has its perks as well. There is so much to discover about this amazing country. Walker and his army invaded the Guanacaste province at the now Santa Rosa National Park and the Costa Rican army expelled and followed them into Rivas, Nicaragua. During the 20th century, Costa Rica’s settlement frontiers expanded outward rapidly from the Valle Central to incorporate peripheral areas, until virtually all the suitable lands in the country were settled and the spread of population effectively ended. Almost 95% of Costa Rica’s energy is derived from renewable resources- either geothermal or hydroelectric means. Facts about Costa Rica 2: the short history of Costa Rica. Former Costa Rican president, Jose Figueres Ferrer, abolished the Costa Rican national military in 1948 after a grueling civil war. The country’s education system is ranked one of the top in all of Latin America, with more than 4,200 schools scattered throughout the nation. Christopher Columbus was the first European recorded to have landed on Costa Rica’s shores on September 8, 1502. The natural beauty and wildlife diversity of Costa … During colonial times, Guanacaste was not part of … Learn more about this amazing nation with these interesting facts that helped make this paradise one of the “happiest countries” on Earth. Check ouy this article o the weather. Additionally, the country boasts one of the highest life expectancy rates at 77 for men and 820 for women. Costa Rica was inhabited by an estimated 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it in 1502. While Costa Rica takes up only .03% of the world’s land space, it contains 6% of all known living species and has the densest biodiversity on the planet. Now that’s Pura Vida! The result is a nation of laid-back, friendly, and happy people. Based on scientific research, the Nicoya Peninsula was deemed one of the planet’s seven blue zones: Areas where people live longer, healthier and happier lives. My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. It is the largest city and capital of Costa Rica. The Irazu Volcano is Costa Rica’s highest volcano with an elevation of 11,259 feet above sea level. Discover the importance of rice and beans and all the ways Ticos include it in their diet! In 2015, the value of coffee exports was US$305.9 million, a small part of the total agricultural exports of US$2.7 billion. Costa Rica is a small country that is located in Central America. There were many migrations and influences from the Aztecs of Mexico to the Mayas and the Incas of Peru. Limon was quickly abandoned in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. It is here that the enemy made their mistake; Walker and his army took protection in a wooden fort. In the second round, they achieved full independence within Central America. Costa Rica is inhabited by around 4.5 million people. Well, that may please Spanish historians, but it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Ricahistory. These events were followed by an era of peace and prosperity until 1917, when fro two years General Federico Tinoco Granados had power as a military dictator. The official currency of Costa Rica is the Colon. The surrounding countries had made huge fortunes by focusing on cash crops such as sugar or tobacco, and after indep… Christopher Columbus was the first European recorded to have landed on Costa Rica’s shores on September 8, 1502. Costa Rica has a national tree and a national flower: the Guanacaste tree and the Guaria Morada orchid. As a small country, Costa Rica now provides under 1% of the world's coffee production. My Costa Rica (CostaRica.Org) is a Travel Agency that offers Custom Costa Rica Vacations & Packages Including Hotels, All-Inclusive Resorts and Tours. The first came in 1855 with the arrival of William Walker. Do you need help from a consulate in your home country? Costa Rica has been inhabited as far back as 5000 years BC by indigenous people.