Tiny finger-like structures that line the inner wall of the small intestine. 1. The human body system that controls the body's reactions to the outside world. The physical being called a person consists of 11 distinct human body systems, all of them vital for life, and their functions often reflect their names: cardiovascular, digestive, endocrine, integumentary, lymphatic, muscular, nervous, reproductive, respiratory, skeletal and urinary. The part of the brain responsible for controlling vital functions such as heartbeat, breathing, and blood pressure. The Human Body. Even a single cell, if it loses its integrity or organization, will die. Heavier breathing, … This version of the course is no longer available. The blood is oxygenated in your lungs. Oh no! Human Body Quiz - Questions with Answers 686 Administrator February 3, 2020 General Knowledge 2 115K Here is a collection of some important multiple choice Quiz Questions about Human Body … It executes the gas exchange between cells and the environment and includes … Each system plays an important role, and is made up of several key organs and components. respiratory. Access the complete course and earn ASCLS P.A.C.E.-approved continuing education credits by subscribing online. The human body system that provides oxygen through breathing. Circulates blood around the body via the heart, arteries and veins, delivering oxygen and nutrients to organs and cells and carrying their waste products away. The tiny air sacs at the end of the bronchi in the lungs. A j-shaped sac that stores and further digests food. It is … Your diaphragm is the main muscle at work during quiet breathing. Circulatory system-The blood, blood vessels and the heart. The cardiovascular system is one that circulates the blood in the body. The system is made up of the skin and skin derivatives such as hair, nails, glands and receptors and provides the body with a line of defence against foreign, infectious pathogens (Moore et al., 2013). Cells- The microscopic, living building blocks of which every living thing is comprised. The pharynx (throat) is the transition area from the mouth to the esophagus. Associated organs: liver, pancreas, gallbladder Fuels the body by breaking down food and processing the nutrients so that it can be absorbed by the body Eliminates solid undigested wastes from the body and expels these as feces 8. bod ... in a way that is related to your body or appearance. It … (Life Science). digestive system. The human brain is the body's control center, receiving and sending signals to other organs through the nervous system and through secreted hormones. The main systems of the human body are: . The part of the brain responsible for controlling vital functions such as heartbeat, breathing, and blood pressure. As reported by The National Women's Health Information Center, more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases affect almost 24 million Americans 1. ; Pancreas – produces insulin and a liquid that helps the body to digest food. Human body systems and functions. Liver – cleans the blood and produces bile. The muscular tube food passes through to get to the stomach. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. The integumentary system plays an intrinsic role in the function of the human body. Muscles that you can control consciously. In autoimmune diseases, the body fails to recognize the parts of the body as belonging and attacks itself. The human body system that transports oxygen and nutrients to the body, takes carbon dioxide back to the lungs, and fights infections with white blood cells. It protects cells from pathogens. The unit The Human Body helps students explore the structures that make up their body, and how the various parts of their body work together.